Shandong yi water to reduce fertilizer use vigorously promote low carbon efficiency production technology
In recent years, shandong phenomenon.the actively implement the "zero growth" chemical fertilizer, within the scope of the county, many measures simultaneously, to change farmers traditional fertilization habits, to promote "reduced nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium stabilized" mode of scientific fertilization, streamline fertilizer usage, to improve fertilization technology in production technology, vigorously promote green efficiency production technology, because of fertilization, for material preparation, integrate resources, local materials and practice low carbon agriculture new way.
One is to strengthen the application of soil testing formula fertilizer. We will comprehensively implement the quality monitoring of cultivated land, popularize the technology of soil testing formula and fertilization, achieve full coverage of various crops such as wheat, corn, vegetables and fruit trees, establish an inter-annual fertilization monitoring curve, study the relationship between fertilizer application and absorption rate of different crops, and effectively explore field measures to improve the utilization rate of fertilizer.
Second, speed up the promotion of water and fertilizer integration technology. In order to improve the efficiency of fertilizer and water resources utilization, the integrated demonstration area of water and fertilizer should be set up in each town according to local conditions with the emphasis on the centralized cultivation area of vegetables and fruits.
Third, promoting the integration of agricultural machinery and techniques. In accordance with local conditions, the techniques of deep application of chemical fertilizer machinery, mechanical application of fertilizer, simultaneous sowing of planting fertilizer, etc., should be popularized to reduce volatile and loss of nutrients, improve utilization efficiency and reduce non-point agricultural pollution.
Fourth, vigorously promote the use of organic fertilizer. Use organic nutrient resources rationally, replace partial fertilizer with organic fertilizer. We will promote the recycling of straw nutrients into fields and livestock and poultry manure, guide farmers to make their own farm manure, encourage the use of commercial organic fertilizers, and effectively reduce the amount of fertilizer applied.
Fifth, we will support the demonstration of new types of business operators. Relying on the large farmers, family farms, farmer cooperatives and agricultural enterprises and other new operators, the demonstration guides the construction of cultivated land quality and scientific fertilization, and the demonstration drives. We will support the new type of business entities to carry out scientific fertilization and application of organic fertilizers, carry out services such as unified fertilizer distribution and application, and carry out quality construction of cultivated land, effectively drive scientific fertilization and quality protection and improvement of cultivated land, and drive surrounding farmers to apply new fertilizing techniques and new fertilizers. New operators should be encouraged to provide services such as interplanting, fertilizer distribution, disease and insect control, and scientific fertilization on a larger scale.
Sixth, we will comprehensively carry out a project to improve the land capacity of cultivated land and raise the level of cultivated land in the whole county. We will comprehensively carry out land use improvement projects, focusing on controlling non-point soil pollution and soil secondary salinization, and actively explore new modes of improving soil, fertilizing land, pollution control and rehabilitation, and transforming medium and low-yield fields. We will mobilize people to remove agricultural waste from fields in time to ensure that water sources and soil are free from secondary pollution.
Seven is to strengthen environmental protection technology training, improve people's environmental protection concept. We will strengthen training and guidance services on environmental technologies, vigorously promote advanced and applicable technologies, and change the way we apply fertilizers, so that the public will be fully aware of the seriousness of fertilizer pollution and mobilize farmers to take part in actions to address prominent problems in agricultural environmental protection.